The Essential Software Engineer Entry Level Job Profile Guide

Introduction

You’re about to graduate and take on the real world. Congratulations! These are truly exciting times!

However, according to industry survey results, 95% of you currently do NOT possess the required skills to get hired.


What can you do about it? How can you can recognition for your skill set and get hired?

Are you looking out for a job in Software Engineering this year? Are you confused about what category of profiles is being offered to software engineers?  Do you possess the skills needed to meet your dream profile?

In this article, we aim to cover regarding-

  • The duties and responsibilities you will hold
  • The skills needed to meet the profile’s criteria
  • The required languages
  • The average industry standard pay per role

 

7 sw engineers-01

The 7 Types of Software Engineers –

MOBILE DEVELOPER

The main role of a mobile developer in any company is developing, releasing, maintaining native mobile applications and manage mobile application development efforts. The person is responsible for –

  • Complete app life cycle delivery
  • Working directly with developers and product managers to design, build, test and release mobile products
  • Post release, work on bug fixing, improving and optimizing application performance.
  • Continuously detecting, assessing, and implementing new technologies to maximize development efficiency

The top 3 profiles for mobile developers on offer are –

Android Developer –

Skills required to crack an Android Engineer profile

  • Knowledge of Android SDK and Android framework
  • Knowledge of Android Studio and Eclipse
  • Experience with third-party libraries, push notifications and APIs
  • Strong OOPs fundamentals, data structures, Java, XML, JSON, Web Services, SQLite databases
  • Proficient with advancing optimized UI for different Android versions and devices
  • Proficiency in Git, Mercurial or SVN
  • Average Salary – INR 4 to 8 lacs

IOS Developer –

Skills required to crack an IOS developer profile

  • Comfortable with solid Swift and/or Objective-C.
  • Experience with IOS frameworks like Core Animation, AutoLayout, UIKit, Xcode and Cocoa Framework
  • Experience with third-party libraries, push notifications and APIs
  • Fundamentals in OO-design, data structures, and problem-solving.
  • Understanding of Apple recommended guidelines and best practices for coding
  • Skillful understanding of Git, Mercurial or SVN
  • Average Salary – INR 4 to 8 lacs

Cross Platform Mobile Developer –

Skills required to crack a Cross Platform mobile developer profile

  • Experience with Adobe PhoneGap/Apache Cordova, Xamarin (or other cross-platform development software)
  • Experience with third-party libraries, push notifications and APIs
  • Expert understanding of Git, Mercurial or SVN
  • Average Salary – INR 3 to 7 lacs

MACHINE LEARNING AND AI

A Machine learning or an AI developer’s main role is to help develop predictive analytics. These include recommendation systems, next best action suggestions etc.

The person is responsible for –

  • Establishing analytical and statistical methods to analyze large amounts of data using advanced statistical techniques and mathematical analyses
  • Identifying and implementing the data tools, platforms, and resources that are required for a successful development of an advanced analytics capability
  • Identifying, designing, and implementing appropriate technology stack for data integration, storage, and processing
  • Developing and testing data science techniques on business problem solutions as the platform expands

The top profiles on offer for Machine Learning and AI developers are –

  • Deep learning programmer
  • Data Scientist
  • Junior machine learning researcher
  • Machine Learning Algorithm Researcher
  • AI Developer

The skills required to crack a Machine Learning and AI developer profile are –

  • Good knowledge of ML Libraries/API’s/Platforms: Spark ML/Python-Scikit/R/Amazon Machine learning/ Azure ML/Google Tensorflow
  • Should be comfortable working on Python/Java/R/Scala
  • Knowledge of big data platforms (Hadoop, Spark) & languages (MySQL, MongoDB, Hive, Scala)
  • Knowledge of cloud platforms like AWS/Azure Machine Learning
  • Embedded systems, IOT and Robotics

Average Salary – INR 6 to 12 Lacs

FRONTEND DEVELOPERS

The main role of a frontend developer is to create user-facing functionality. The person is responsible for –

  • Creating user interactions and user experience
  • Bridging the gap between designers and backend programmers
  • Production, modification, and maintenance of websites and web application user interfaces

The top profiles on offer for Frontend developers are –

The skills required to crack a Frontend Developer are –

  • Experience with responsive mobile design and cross browser development
  • Working knowledge of ReactJS, AngularJS, HTML5, Bootstrap, CSS3, AJAX: Javascript plus XML, Semantic UI, Pure and Skeleton.css
  • Experience with restful services and APIs
  • Expert understanding of Git, Mercurial or SVN
  • Regular testing and debugging
  • Ensuring technical feasibility of UI/UX designs

Average Salary – INR 2 to 7 Lacs

BACKEND DEVELOPERS

A backend developer is responsible for actively robust websites. They help with scaling under load and providing the required information.

A backend engineer is responsible for –

  • Database – creation, building and management
  • Building server-side software
  • Ensuring cloud computing integrations like AWS, Azure
  • API integrations
  • Reporting and analytics
  • Ensuring security and preventing hacks

The top profiles on offer for Backend developers are –

The skills required to crack a Backend developer profile are –

  • Experience with database creation, integration and management using MySQL, SQLite, PostgreSQL, and MongoDB
  • Working knowledge of Ruby, Java, C#, Python, PHP, Node.js, Django
  • Worked on MEAN (MongoDB/Express.JS/AngularJS/Node.js) stack or LAMP (Linux/Apache/MySQL/PHP) stack
  • Experience with Restful services and APIs
  • Expert understanding of  Git, Mercurial or SVN

Average Salary – INR 5 to 12 Lacs

FULL-STACK DEVELOPERS

The main role of a Full stack developer is to work both on frontend and backend i.e. a jack of all trades or sometimes even manage the entire project end to end.

A full stack engineer can be responsible for –

  • Project Management of Dev projects
  • Database – creation, building and management
  • Building server-side software
  • Ensuring cloud computing integration like AWS, Azure
  • API integrations
  • Q/A and big testing
  • DevOps
  • Creating user experiences and interactions

The skills required to crack a Full stack software engineer profile are –

  • Experience with database creation, integration and management using MySQL, SQLite, PostgreSQL, and MongoDB
  • Working knowledge of Ruby, Java, C#, Python, PHP, Node.js, Django
  • Worked on MEAN (MongoDB/Express.JS/AngularJS/Node.js) stack or LAMP (Linux/Apache/MySQL/PHP) stack
  • Experience with Restful services and APIs
  • Proficient understanding of code versioning tools {{such as Git, Mercurial or SVN}}
  • Knowledge of HTML, CSS, JavaScript

Average Salary – INR 5 to 12 Lacs

QA AND BUG TESTING ENGINEERS

The main role of a QA and bug testing engineer is to develop and execute exploratory and automated tests to ensure product quality. The responsibilities of a QA engineer are –

  • Review product specifications and technical design documents
  • Create test cases and test plans which are detailed, structured and comprehensive
  • Estimate and plan testing activities
  • Identify and document bugs
  • Execute automation scripts for QA and monitor debugging process

The top profiles on offer for QA and bug testing engineers are –

  • Junior QA Engineer
  • Mobile QA Tester
  • Junior QA Analyst
  • Software testing engineer
  • Performance Engineer

The skills required to crack a QA Engineer profile are –

  • Understanding of QA tools, methodologies and processes
  • Understanding of QA testing environments
  • Experience with web and mobile based testing
  • Understanding of software development lifecycles
  • Knowledge of coding automated tests and scripts for testing

Average Salary – INR 3 to 8 Lacs

DEVOPS ENGINEERS

The main role of a DevOps Engineer is to implement and manage build and release infrastructure. The responsibilities of a QA engineer are –

  • Ensuring high available, scalable and stable infrastructure.
  • Setting up automated processes, building automation tools and automating deployment and release management.
  • Administering, Monitoring and troubleshooting applications, database clusters, and services.

The top profiles on offer for QA and bug testing engineers are –

  • Junior site reliability Engineer Manager
  • Junior DevOps Engineer
  • Build and Tools Engineer
  • Release Engineer
  • Operations Engineer
  • Infrastructure Engineer
  • Site Reliability Engineer
  • DevOps Analyst

The skills required to crack a DevOps Engineer profile are –

  • Understanding of cloud based and data center infrastructure
  • Virtualization, Networking, and Load Balancing basics
  • Working knowledge of Jenkins and Ansible for managing the DevOps processes
  • Programming experience in PHP, Python, Java, Groovy kind of languages
  • Experience in SQL and good knowledge of database like Oracle, NoSQL, MySQL, MongoDB

Average Salary – INR 3 to 11 Lacs

Conclusion

We hope the above gives you a good idea as to what profiles are being offered at entry-level to software engineers and what are the key skill sets that you need to ramp up to get into your dream profile. We at Skillenza believe that the professional opportunities a person gets should be a function of their skill sets.

Skillenza is one such platform where, if you have the above skill sets, all you need is sign-up and start solving challenges to get noticed and get hired by companies. Skillenza is a platform to learn from peers, connect with the right people and build a learning network.

 

“Always code as if the guy who ends up maintaining your code will be a violent psychopath who knows where you live.” – Martin Golding

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